The sociologist C.J. Pascoe has conducted groundbreaking research on youth, gender, sexuality and homophobia. She is fascinated by the ways teenage boys come to see themselves as masculine. Pascoe spent 18 months following male students at a California high school and noted a striking phenomenon: they attempt to demonstrate their masculinity by hurling gay slurs at one another. “To call someone gay is like the lowest thing you can call someone,” one teenage boy told Pascoe. “That's like saying that you're nothing.” Pascoe's work has been featured in The New York Times and The Wall Street Journal and on a Frontline documentary.